Problems in Indian Education System – 7 Major Issues

The Indian education system is growing day by day, but there are still many Problems in Indian Education System. The Indian Education System Problems – poor planning, the availability of basic resources in many places and a biased curriculum are some of the main points to look out for.

Problems in Indian Education System

Education is the greatest tool for social and economic development of any country. It is the powerful instrument of change which can transform an individual, a society and the nation.

Therefore, there is a need to undertake effective steps for the promotion and improvement of education in our country. There is a vast network of schools and colleges spread all over the country.

What are the different problems related to education system? The following main Problems in Indian Education System should be noted: –

  • Poor planning and supply of basic resources
Indian Education System Problems

A poor planning is one of the biggest challenges for education providers who are trying to ensure quality education for the students. This goes with the common belief that the education system in India offers a system of schooling where teacher is at the helm all through the academic journey.

Schooling in India has been made especially for the construction of middle-class classes and the government is trying to design ways and means to support that class.

Unfortunately, for parents who are facing an incapability to afford basic necessities like shelter, food and healthcare, this system presents a system which is overly rigid and is in need of total changes.

Children start class as 8-year-old and by the time they reach Class 8, most of them will start noticing changes in their school work. The more difficult the work is, the better a learning system can be applied to ensure a better future for a child.   This includes early years of education and special education.

Meanwhile, a network of parents raising funds for educational needs cannot be done by the state or the government since it relies heavily on the parent’s income.

  • Sector biasing curriculum

Sideswiping the article, it is evident that school education in India is biased. As a data shows, there are a significant number of out of school children who are related to the society and coming from different socioeconomic classes.

Since these children have been placed in schools which are unable to cater to the ratio in curriculum, it is certain that they will be lagging behind.

  • Eligibility to e-school

In most part of the country, the school admissions system is made of way more rigid than other countries. The basic reason is the political system in India that thrives on caste divisions.

Hence, the competitive system is similar to the societal one which has its own set of opportunities and challenges. The school selections system is divided with caste, language, religion, gender and economic factors in play.

As the representation of children from those social classes is already predetermined due to social expectations, the selection process is geared towards the classes of young families while ignoring the upper-class and other children who are above what we would call an economic threshold in India.

  • Meritocracy is at risk due to lack of clear cut and concise guidelines

It is important to note that elementary school education in India is one that features extensive tests for the aspiring students as the idea of meritocracy.

Test-based systems and the integrated child-centric systems don’t come into tact much which serve to explain most of the problems in the education system.

Children are constantly forced to test the individual methods as well as their abilities to the maximum using tests.

However, at the same time, school education is slowly becoming more individual and laboratory based. With that, the multiple tests from first, second and third grade are a simple solution to the multitude of problems that the society has raised, like underachievement, lower learning and the flattening of society.

Consequently, it is not easy to sort out the genuine needs of the population without keeping in mind tests or the grades on a scale.

Other Indian Education System Problems

The current NEP was released in 2018 and 2011, and since then the demand for education has increased by a huge majority. This move has inspired several organizations to improve their education services in a bid to solve the existing issues and improvements.

However, the problems and improvements have largely failed to overcome.

This following are a combination of further research done by me on the subject that has highlighted one of the key and major issues in our sector.

  • Data collection difficulties

As a globalized, digital economy the stakes are high for organizations (compared to the traditional institutions) in gathering and accessing important data that can reveal vital information.

Data collection in the education sector is restricted mostly because most educational establishments lack technology that makes it possible to collect data. It is often difficult for the institutions to purchase accurate data points because of varying data security requirements.

In the absence of proper data collection, performance improvement processes suffer as future information on the system is lacking. As a result, information on the performance of our schools is not sophisticated or detailed enough. However, other types of accurate data are available.

For example, teachers can compile data on their work and direct quality education provision to the specific students. This is the reason, I think, the education sector has a strong sentiment of wanting more information.

However, current data collection challenges make it hard for us to maximize the value of this information. However, as I have argued above, technology is making it possible to collect more accurate and detailed data and to the next level. Therefore, this will help solve some of the challenges in our sector.

  • Financial overload

Another challenging issue of the education sector is the huge financial demand, which we face due to the growing popularity of the sector. Due to increased demand and existing constraints, the government authorities have encouraged the use of technology in solving this problem.

According to Official India Statistics, budgetary allocations of India go up every year since the economy expands. There are always many initiatives and projects underway and the current NEP, among others, is an initiative to tackle some of the problems in the education sector, that deals with the funding system.

It is currently easy to acquire a credit card in India. This has increased the number of students who can get a high-quality education and financial allocations of schools and universities get affected due to their increased fees.

Many organizations today charge a certain percentage or cost of tuition in the higher level. This high tuition costs do not find a good base because the government promotes research and development on this area and the public sector. So, this research found that higher education institutions are facing financial overload.

  • Politicized system

From the research I have done, I find there is widespread sense of dissatisfaction among the ordinary Indian towards the system. This leads to frequent scrutiny of the education system and the role of bureaucrats.

However, I know many Indians who work outside our country who teach in high schools and universities, and believe the system that I discussed above is flawed. Another important way of saving the system is improvement in the system that is contained within it.

It is also the cause of overcrowding. Despite the positive impact the education sector has on the Indian economy, it has also had numerous challenges.

However, it is mainly related to the fragmented way of funding education and the different physical locations of institutions. But a proposed solution is to address all these, rather than focusing on one part.

The Solution

I have no recommendations to specific schools or higher education institutions. However, the Government and the education sector should ensure that our social sector in India produces teachers with expertise to improve public service delivery.

Right to Education in India

After independence of India, education was not considered as a Fundamental Right by the government. The State did not consider the importance of education of its citizens. This attitude of State continued till 1950s. At that time, the Supreme Court of India, in its various judgments, made the Declaration of Right to Education.

Article 21 of the Indian Constitution of India contains the fundamental right to education. The Constitution of India is “the longest written constitution of any sovereign nation in the world, containing 448 articles in 22 parts, 12 schedules, 5 appendices and 99 amendments.” Article 39 guarantees that the state will respect “the right of every child to free and compulsory education”.

The Right of Children to Free and Compulsory Education (RTE) Act, 2009 guarantees free and compulsory education to all children aged 6 to 14 years. It is an act of the Parliament of India which came into force on 1 April 2010.

The act was passed in the Lok Sabha on 9 August 2009, and by the Rajya Sabha on 16 August 2009. The RTE Act has been enacted to provide for free and compulsory education to all children in the age group of six to fourteen years.

The term ‘Right to Education’ is used globally in the sense of the entitlement of children to education in keeping with Article 26 of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights. The Right to Education Act, 2009 specifically refers to the free and compulsory education for all children between the ages of 6 to 14 years.

The Act guarantees that ‘no child shall be admitted into or required to attend a school without an admit card duly issued in that behalf by the appropriate authority.’ It also guarantees that ‘a child shall not be expelled or required to be withdrawn from school for non-payment of fees or other dues.’


Despite these important challenges, the IEP sees the need to improve the “schools that reflect India’s societal norms”.

As one of the many sources of parenting a child, I have studied the various sources of research and can understand the kind of challenges that a parent and the education system will be undertaking in the post-sudden disaster scenario.

Teachers and parents work so hard to make their children understand the overall picture in the neighborhood, we have no idea about the conditions of the subject they are studying, so our job becomes only more challenging as a parent and have some understanding of what kind of school they are passing for exams in.

The future is not so great if we continue allowing biased school systems to prevail due to their own reasons of development of great economies.

At the end of the day, I hope that no parent will miss out on the educational opportunity to their children as I see with concern how easily they pass for exams and become an average citizen in the rest of the world. My kids and I intend to make use of this kind of education to make the world a better place to live.


Below are some of the frequently asked questions about the Problems in Indian Education System in which students can find solutions to their problems: –

Q1. What is the biggest problem in our education system?

Ans. The biggest problem in our education system in India is that there is no creativity and there’s no innovation. The education system should be such that it should develop the thinking and analytical skills of students. The education system should be such that it should give students a variety of options to choose from. There should be a variety of subjects available to students.

Q2. What are the problems of education?

Ans. It has been observed that teaching is not the main problem in our education system. Rather it is the parents’ ignorance about the education system. They are not aware of the importance of education, what to expect from their children, how to teach them and how to focus on their studies. They are not interested in the development of their children’s personality.

Q3. What are the problems in education today?

Ans. Although it is difficult to pinpoint the biggest problem in the Indian education system, many students complain about the lack of adequate facilities and opportunities for hands-on learning. Therefore, students do not possess the practical skills required for employment. In addition, the education system focuses on rote learning instead of problem-solving and critical thinking. With a booming population and a lack of skilled workers, the Indian education system has been slow to adapt to the needs of the students.

Q4. What are the major problems of students?

Ans. Students are facing many problems in today’s world. These problems are related to physical health, mental health and social health. Some of the main problems which are faced by the students are stress, anxiety, boredom and depression.  These problems if not tackled on time can affect their academic performance and can also affect their personality and behavior.

Q5. What are the major problems in schools?

Ans. The major problem of students is the stress and pressure of school works. These stress and pressure make students to suffer from stress and pressure. The school works are the major problem of students. These school works are not only solving but also analyzing problems.

Q6. How can we solve educational problems?

Ans. We can’t just give people more information. If it’s true that people can’t learn what you don’t want them to learn, then the only way to solve educational problems is to stop people from learning what you don’t want them to learn. If that’s not possible, then maybe it’s not possible to solve educational problems. Maybe the problem isn’t how to make people learn, but how to make people not want to learn things.

First, we need to monitor the effectiveness of our educational practices. This will allow us to discover which ones work and which ones don’t. Before we know what works, we can’t really change the system. Second, we need to be willing to break with tradition.

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