The camera is a box which controls the amount of light which reaches a piece of light sensitive film or some other surface within it.
Here we will discuss about the various Types of Cameras which are available in the market at present.
The shape, size and color of cameras tends to vary, but they all have the same components. They have a viewing lens on one side and a wider lens on the other.
The latter collects light to create an image on film or through digital technology within the camera. A flash is located on the camera’s front end or extend beyond it.
Types of Cameras
Do you know there are how many types of camera? At present, there are six Different Types of Cameras – Compact, DSLR, Mirrorless, The Big Stuff, Speed and Film camera.
1. Compact Cameras
Also known as the point and shoot, they are affordable, light, small and full proof. To use it, all that you will need to do is to point in a specific direction of the subject and press the button.
The low profile of these cameras is their major plus point. They are small and unobtrusive and so you can carry them anywhere you want to.
2. Mirrorless Cameras
These cameras are a fusion of compact and DSLR cameras.
The main aim of these cameras is to do away with bulky mirror and pentaprism required for optical viewfinder of a DSLR, but keep other features like interchangeable lenses and large sensors intact.
3. Digital Single Lens Reflex Cameras (DSLR)
They are heavier in comparison to compact cameras but are more user friendly. They come with interchangeable lenses which makes sure that you have the best lens in place for taking photos.
They have big sensors offer shallow depth of field and good low light. Its optical viewfinder enables framing even in the worst light conditions.
These cameras come with a very fast autofocus and offer users with total manual control over scene modes.
There are different sensor sizes such as cropped sensor, APS-C and DX for smaller versions and FX or full frame for bigger versions.
High end cameras use FX for a number of reasons such as offering high image quality in different light conditions.
4. The Big Stuff Cameras
These cameras are bigger than 35mm cameras. The most affordable ones cost somewhere between $10,000-$15,000 without lenses but with high resolution and image quality.
They are generally used for landscape photography and commercial shooting.
5. Speed Camera
A speed camera is also known as a traffic camera. We all slow down when we see a police car passing by, and we hit the brake when we see the radar pointed at us.
Speed cameras can be the eye of the law when there are no officers to enforce it.
When you think that no one will catch you, these speed cameras can take pictures of cars moving at a speed limit.
Officials believe that if people know they are being watched all the time, they are less likely to constantly accelerate. Things like camera necklaces, radar detectors and mirrors cannot save you.
These types of speed cameras will be equipped with radar to determine the exact speed of a moving vehicle.
This radar will constantly move along the road and register the speed. These speed cameras can also work with piezoelectric strips.
They are installed on the road under cars. They are weight sensitive and will be placed about 3 meters apart.
This records the amount of time it takes for the car to drive one and then the other. Then he calculates the speed.
Speed cameras are also equipped with technology to instantly capture a vehicle’s license plate.
This can be done through the database of information and the history of the driver registered in the vehicle.
Speed cameras date back to 1905, when timestamps on footage were used to determine the average speed of a driver.
By the 1950s, an automatic speed camera was invented to enforce traffic rules.
In the 1960s, film cameras were used to capture speeders, but by the 1990s, images had gone digital.
This digital information could be sent to a central location where fines could be distributed and cameras could be monitored remotely.
Speed cameras can also be used for non-traffic purposes. It can be used to view crimes and find out where the person of interest was at a certain time. It can be either compromising evidence or an alibi.
It can also be used to view alarms. In the end, it is better to film things on camera than to interview eyewitnesses.
As you can imagine, speed cameras can annoy some drivers. Some other people believe that this is another way the government spies on people and believe that this is Big Brother’s way of spying on citizens.
This is why some developers have created indestructible speed cameras. They claim to be bomb and fire resistant.
The stand is built much higher so the camera is over 13 feet high so people don’t mess it up.
They have built in smoke detectors that will alert the fire department and the police, and they have been painted green to better blend in with their surroundings.
While they are designed to blend in and be more discreet, there are still signs warning drivers that speed cameras are being used at certain junctions and thoroughfares.
There are even several websites that can help you find speed cameras. You simply enter information such as street name, city and state.
If you just want to see all the speed cameras in your state, you can only enter the state in the information and this will show the location of all speed cameras, if there is also a red-light camera and the amount of the fine.
It even has notes to help you locate the speed camera, such as “The speed camera is hidden in the trees.” Some of the notes are as simple as Beware.
6. Film Cameras
Also known as exotics, there are four types of film cameras-large format cameras, rangefinders, Holga/Lomo and phone cameras.
Large format cameras come with a wooden box, bellows and black cloth.
They have excellent resolution but their large negative size makes buying of film, development, scanning and printing difficult.
Phone cameras are commonly used these days and their features are getting better with every passing day.
Rangefinders are an alternative to DSLRs. Their optical viewfinder doesn’t pass through the lens. This enables a neat manual focus system based on split screens.
The most popular among these cameras is the Leica M version, and its latest version M Monochrome is one of the best digital cameras you can go for.
Holga/Lomo are suitable for playing purpose. These are light leaking, plastic film bodies with no control.
They produce awful pictures but have a special look which people appreciate. They are quite affordable and are a fun to work with.
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